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4 June 2024

Ireland confirms withdrawal from Energy Charter Treaty

30 May 2024

The Council of the EU formally approves the EU's withdrawal from the Energy Charter Treaty

15 May 2024

Dutch Parliament has received the government's proposal to exit the ECT on 15 May. The proposal goes through silent approval, which is obtained 30 days after its submission.

26 April 2024

The UK government officialy notified its withdrawal. It will take effect on 27 April 2025.

24 April 2024

On 24/04, the European Parliament officially adopted the proposal for the withdrawal of the EU from the ECT (560 votes in favour, 43 against and 27 abstentions)

16 April 2024

The Spanish government officialy notified its withdrawal. It will take effect on 17 April 2025.

22 February 2024

The UK government announces on Thursday 22 February UK withdrawal from the ECT after failure of efforts to align it with net zero

2 November 2024

The Portugal government officialy notified its withdrawal. It will take effect on 2 February 2025

8 November 2023

The Swiss governement has stated that it would consider its options if modernisation did not happen or many EU member states left.

13 October 2023

Slovenia officially notifies its withdrawal. It shall take effect on the 14th of October 2024

1 September 2023

The UK government announces it will be reviewing its Energy Charter Treaty membership, and considering withdrawal if vital modernisation is not agreed.

30 August 2023

The international secretariat of the ECT announces that the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg has officialy sent a written notification of withdrawal from the ECT. The withdrawal shall take effect on 17 June 2024.

18 July 2023

Portugal announces it has already started the process of denunciation of the ECT.

10 July 2023

Environment Minister, Eamon Ryon, confirmes that Ireland will leave the ECT alongside with the EU.

7 July 2023

The European Commission proposes a coordinated EU withdrawal from the Energy Charter Treaty

Executive Vice-President for the European Green Deal Frans Timmermans said:

With the European Green Deal, we are reshaping our energy and investment policies for a sustainable future. The outdated Energy Charter Treaty is not aligned with our EU Climate Law and our commitments under the Paris Agreement. It’s time for Europe to withdraw from this Treaty, and to put all of our focus on building an efficient and competitive energy system that promotes and protects renewable energy investments.

28 June 2023

The British Climate Change Committee has also called on the British government to reconsider its membership to this outdated agreement.

13 April 2023

Denmark announces it plans to exit the ECT

7 February 2023

non paper was circulated by the European Commission to the 27 EU member states stating that A withdrawal of the EU and Euratom from the Energy Charter Treaty appears to be unavoidable”. 

"The Commission services consider option 1 [coordinated withdrawal of EU, Euratom and Member States from the ECT] as the most adequate option"

29 December 2022

Written notifications of withdrawal from the Energy Charter Treaty have been also sent by Germany and Poland

19 December 2022

French government confirms that France has officially notified its withdrawal from the Treaty

24 November 2022

The European Parliament has adopted a resolution in which it "urges the Commission to initiate immediately the process towards a coordinated exit of the EU from the ECT and calls on the Council to support such a proposal". 

22 November 2022

The decision on the modernisation of the Treaty which was planned for the 33rd Meeting of the Energy Charter Conference held under the Chairmanship of Mongolia has been postponed. The Conference expects to meet ad hoc in April 2023 to finalise the discussion on the adoption of the amendments to the ECT.

18 November 2022

The Council of Government of Luxembourg has decided on the country's exit from the ECT.

11 November 2022

Germany's three governing coalition parties announced that the country would withdraw from the ECT and abstain from the Council vote

10 November 2022

Slovenia has announced its withdrawal from the ECT

21 October 2022

French President Emmanuel Macron announced that France will leave the Energy Charter Treaty at a press conference following an EU leaders’ summit in Brussels

19 October 2022

The french High Council on Climate has published an opinion about the ECT modernization : 

"The High Climate Council concludes that the ECT, even in a modernised form, is not compatible with the 2030 climate commitments and objectives of France and the European Union."

"A coordinated withdrawal from the ECT by France and the EU, coupled with a neutralisation of its 'survival clause', appears to be the least risky option for respecting of the national, European and international climate commitments. Such a withdrawal would also raise awareness among all other signatories and limit the geographical limit the geographical extension of the ECT to new parties who would be exposed to the same risks of the same risks of incompatibility between the treaty's provisions and the pursuit of their climate objectives."

18 October 2022

In the Netherlands, the Minister for Climate and Energy Policy Rob Jetten announced the decision to leave the ECT in the parliament

12 October 2022

Spain withdrawal has been also announced by Politico 

6 October 2022

Polish parliament adopted a law in favor of a withdrawal of the ECT by an overwhelming majority

25 August 2022

Poland was the first country to initiative an exit from the ECT by sending a draft withdrawal law to its parliament for approval.

24 June 2022

An agreement in principle was announced that will not end fossil fuel investment protection in 23 ECT countries and will end it at a far too slow pace in EU member states and the UK. The text of the agreement is not public. The signatory countries of the ECT will decide on November 22 on the formal adoption of this agreement.

23 June 2022

The European Parliament adopted by a large majority an own-initiative report in which it sets very clear criteria for the evaluation of a possible agreement on the modernization of the ECT and calls for a coordinated exit in case of absence of an ambitious agreement in June 2022.

The government coalition in Germany has also drawn its 5 red lines for a successful modernization of the ECT.

22 June 2022

The Dutch parliament adopted a resolution asking the government to exit from ECT.

21 June 2022

After two years and 14 negotiation rounds to modernise the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT), the signatory states meet on 24 June 2022 to try to find a compromise.

Three days before the conference, there are still no prospects of a genuinely ambitious reform, let alone one in line with the Paris Agreement. The only proposal on the table on which they may agree on June 24th will maintain the ECT protection of existing foreign investment in EU countries in fossil fuel for at least another decade and in gas power plants until 2040. In case an agreement in principle is reached by June 24th, the ECT might well be extended to several countries that host large fossil fuel investments.

There is no known end date for the protection of foreign investment in fossil fuels in other contracting parties to the treaty.

  • Spanish Deputy Prime Minister, Teresa Riberasaid 

    After 14 rounds of negotiations without substantive progress, it is clear that the modernisation of the Energy Charter Treaty will fail to ensure the alignment of the ECT with the Paris Agreement and the objectives of the European Green Deal.

    At a time when accelerating a clean energy transition has become more urgent than ever, it is time that the EU and its Member States initiate a coordinated withdrawal from the ECT.”

  • Pascal Canfin, French Member of the European Parliament, Renew, and Chairman of the Environment Committee said:  "We have reached the end of the negotiations (...) Now we have to organise the exit from the #ECT, and the Europeans have to agree not to apply the twenty-year clause any more"

4 April 2022

The recent IPCC report mentions specifically the ECT as a barrier to climate mitigation policies. The report states

"A large number of bilateral and multilateral agreements, including the 1994 Energy Charter Treaty, include provisions for using a system of investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) designed to protect the interests of investors in energy projects from national policies that could lead their assets to be stranded. Numerous scholars have pointed to ISDS being able to be used by fossil-fuel companies to block national legislation aimed at phasing out the use of their assets" (IPCC, 2022, Chapter 14 on international collaboration, Lines 9 to 14, page 81)